A CHRONOLOGY

Early History

757 - Earliest known recording of the name Arle
1086 - Domesday Book: local details and first record of Swindon Village
1150 - Founding of a chapel at Arle
1550 - Approximate date of Arle Court's building
1619 - First growing of tobacco in England locally
1787 - Earliest known recording of the name Hesters Way
1806 - Building of Arle House by the Welches
1810 - Building of Gloucester Road with horse-drawn tramline alongside
1831 - Enclosure Act to the manors of Arle and Alstone
1860 - Founding of St. Mark's Anglican parish
1876 - Incorporation of Cheltenham Borough Council
1880 - Demolition of most of Arle Court
1885 - St Marks parish founded a mission church in Hesters Way

Twentieth Century

1921 -Start of St. Mark's housing estate (Tennyson Road)
1928 - Founding of electricity station in Hesters Way Road
1935 - Dowty moves in to Arle Court in Hatherley Lane
1942 - Firm plans for council development of "Hesters Way Estate"
1945-53 - Land acquisition for the Estate
1946 - Preliminary layout of Hesters Way Estate was submitted to the Borough Council
1946 - St Barnabas Church first building erected
1951 - (March) Princess Elizabeth plants a tree on the new Estate
1951 - (July) Building works begin. The Fletchers of Hesters Way Farm leave after 30 years, Mechanical diggers move in to lay sewers
1951 - (December) Spinal Road extended as far as Grammar School Playing Fields. The "Old School House" demolished
1952 - GCHQ moves in to Benhall Site
1952 - (September) Plans for a Health Centre
1953 - (May)A further 444 homes are planned
1953 - (July) £99,000 approved for the 1953/54 financial year to build a secondary school for 360 pupils
1954 - Monkscroft Junior School opens
1954 - St Aidans first building erected

1955 - (May) Monkscroft Secondary School goes up
1955 - (July) Plea by residents for more buses
1955 - (October)New Health Centre opens
1957 - (March) Demolition of old St. Marks Community Centre. Official opening of Monkscroft Secondary School by Lady Dowty. New park nears completion
1957 -(June) Opening of Hesters Way Baptist Church
1959 - Arle School opens
1959 - India House and Pakistan House built
1960 - Demolition of old Arle House
1960 - (March) New shops open at Coronation Square
1961 - Westfields opens
1962 - Hesters Way Library opens
1962 - St Thomas More Church Hall built
1962 - (February) Old Peoples Home, Arle House built at a cost of £60,000, replacing earlier building
1963 - New building changes from council to private developers
1965 - Cheltenham (Pates) Grammar School moves to Hesters Way
1966 - Hesters Way School opens
1969 - Opening of the Golden Valley bypass
1971 - Arthur Dye School opens
1975 - St. Thomas More School opens
1977 - Development spreads to Fiddlers Green area
1980 - Building begins on Arle Farm/ Springfields estate
1985 - "Metro' minibus introduced on Route C to Springbank
1986 - Demolition of Arle Farm House
1988 - Major redevelopment in the Hesters Way Road/ Beale Walk area including the "topping' of eight blocks of flats
1994 - Founding of Hesters Way Neighbourhood Initiative (at 18 Hesters Way Road). This became Hesters Way Neighbourhood Project.
1995 - Friday market opens on Coronation Square
1995 - First issue of Hesters Way News
1996 - Pates Grammar School new building officially opened
1996 - PIEDA consultation abour regeneration needs which resulted in setting up of Hesters Way Partnership
1997 - "Probably the Greatest Exhibition of Art in the World' at Westfields
1997 - Shakespeare Road and Goldsmith Road flats demolished and area redeveloped
1998 - GCHQ threatens to leave Benhall site
1998 - Cheltenham Film Studios take on Arle Court
1998 - Housing Office moves to present site in Edinburgh Place along with Social Services. Hesters Way Neighbourhood Project moves to old Housing Office
1999 - Neighbourhood College opens in Edinburgh Place
2000 - Musicians blocks demolished. Replaced by houses
2001 - Canada House blocks demolished. Replaced by houses
2002 - GLOSCAT opened in Hesters Way
2002 - Community Resource Centre opened.
2002 - Westfields closed and new youth centre Oasis opened
2003 - Sochi Court demolished
2003 - GCHQ's doughnut building completed
2004 - Queen Elizabeth revisits Hesters Way after 50 years to plant replacement oak tree in Hesters Way Park.
2005 - India House and Pakistan House scheduled to be demolished.

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